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Hospital Architecture Design & Planning

hospital architecture design & planning india Healthcare Facility Planning and Design


Planning the Design and Construction of Healthcare facilities is a very specialised field that has begun getting its due only in the last few years in India. This is because we have now come to realize the important role the design and planning of the hospital plays in healing the patient. The aim of an architect is to ensure that their design satisfies the people living and functioning in the space they design. In a hospital this includes the Doctors, Nurses, Staff and of course the Patient. The design of a hospital must meet all their requirements. It is therefore the Architect’s duty and responsibility to design accordingly.

Patient Care guides our Healthcare Design. Their safety and quality of care is the aim of all our Architects, Planners, Quality Consultants and Project Managers.

How Accreditation brought in change to the field of Hospital Design

NABH Standards Hospital Design   JCI Accreditation Standards Hospitals

The scenario began to change with the advent of Healthcare Accreditations like the NABH & JCI and Consultants like us, specialising in the field. Vast experience in the area of Quality Accreditation helped us understand the requirement for specific infrastructure to meet the NABH & JCI requirements and that looking into these aspects right from the healthcare facility planning and layout stage was not just important but mandatory.

Right from designing the widths of the staircases and corridors, planning the layouts of areas like the Operation Theatres and Critical Care Units, to providing the required space between Beds in the Wards and even locating the Nursing Stations etc., we saw how almost all areas of the Hospital needed to be designed with regard to meeting the Patient Safety requirements of the Accreditation Standards.

Improving Patient Outcomes – Responsibility of all Hospital Planners and Architect

Hospital Architecture Design & Planning
hospital design plan architecture

As Hospital Architects and Designers our role is to help improve patient outcomes at the Hospital by preventing spread of infections and being able to send patients home faster. We need to ensure through our Hospital Design that there is proper infection control through better Planning & Layout of the Facility ensuring better Patient & Staff Flow and controlled air movement.

In addition to Patient Safety, other aspects, as Hospital Planners and Designers we help make all areas of the Hospital Accessible and Patient Friendly, a very important contributory factor in improving outcomes.

Designing Hospitals to be Patient Centric

Designing Patient Friendly Healthcare Facilities
Hospital Specific Design & Architecture

Hospital Design Guide
Optimize Space with Lean in Hospital Design

Designing a Lean Hospital
Safe and Sustainable Hospitals

Sustainable Healthcare

Hence the Importance of having Hospital Architects to be Qualified and Experienced specifically in the field of Healthcare

Major Elements in the Hospital Design Process

Hospital Concept Design

planning design and construction of healthcare facilities
  • Translating your vision into reality
    The Concept Design is the first step by our Architect to translate your vision into reality. This is based on how well the Architect interprets your brief creatively and engage with you until it is fully understood. At this stage we also carry out extensive research, site visits and have regular conversations with you as the Client and various User Groups.
  • Feasibility Study need
    Prior to the Hospital Planning and Architecture Design process ideally there should be a Feasibility Study carried out, the objective of which is to understand the healthcare requirements in the target area of the Hospital. This helps us to finalise the services and even the specialities and get a fair idea of the expected patient load too. The Hospital Concept Design should comprehensively address all these requirements.
  • Conceptualisation
    In the Concept Design we will provide the elevation of the Hospital Building, block relationships of the departments showing area, shape and location within the building and of the vertical circulation elements such as elevators and staircases and the layout of the horizontal circulation routes (corridors)
  • Ensuring functionality and statutory /regulatory compliance
    While Designing Hospitals we also ensure the efficient functionality of the Hospital within the built-up area & local laws and planning guidelines as needed to ensure full compliance with the National and / or International Hospital Quality Accreditations like the NABH & JCI.

Once Concept is approved, the detailed Architecture is done giving the complete design of the Hospital, including the Civil Components, Structural Design, Electrical & Mechanical Services.

Detailed Hospital Architecture Services covering

  • Complete design of the Hospital / Civil component
  • Preparation of the Master Plan for the whole complex
  • Designing for the hospital building
  • Interior Designing - Façade, Furniture, 2D & 3D Views, Material Chart
  • Internal space and facility planning
  • Ancillary support services
  • Building blocks design
  • Layout of rooms within each department for the hospital
  • Schematic drawings giving plans, elevations and sections of the proposed building
  • Space Programming
  • Bill of Quantities (BOQs)
  • Design Vetting for New Hospitals and Nursing Homes as per the mandatory NABH / NBC / Fire / National and International Clinical Guidelines - Compliances / Local Bylaws

Hospital Structural Design Services covering

Hospital Upgrade Renovation Projects
  • Complete design of the structural framework
  • Appropriate framing system
  • Detailed construction drawings for the work on site

Design of Services (MEP) covering

  • Electrification design including HT, LT & Gensets, Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning (HVAC) design
  • Sanitary
  • Plumbing
  • Water Supply
  • Fire fighting and Protection System Design
  • Elevators specification
  • Telecommunication System
  • Public Address Systems / CCTV surveillance
  • Medical Gas Pipe line (MGPS) Design
  • Data and Voice Networking
  • Building Management Systems
  • Sewage treatment plant and disposal systems
  • Rain water harvesting for the complex

Critical Areas Designs  covering

  • OT & CSSD Complex
  • ICUs
  • Emergency
  • Accident & Trauma
  • Radiology & Radiotherapy
  • Nuclear Medicine designs

Other Designs  covering

  • Exteriors – Landscaping Design
  • Laundry and Kitchen Layout & Design

Our Clients

Some of our Latest Hospital Architecture Planning, Full and Internal Design, Layout Design, OT Renovation, Structural Engineering Design, Interiors Design, Hospital Renovation, Healthcare MEP (Mechanical, Electrical, and Plumbing), and Medical Equipment Planning Projects:

  • Technical Consultancy Services to CIEL, St.Lucia, West Indies, Eastern Caribbean
  • RAAG Healthcare, Indonesia - Integrated Health City (Concept & Project Report)
  • Planned Hospital at Trinidad & Tobago, Caribbean, South America (Architecture Design)
  • Sri Mariamman Ltd Queensland, Australia
  • Takdhum Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Kumudini Welfare Trust of Bengal (BD) Limited, Mirzapur, Bangladesh
  • Meridian Hospital, 300 Beds, Chennai (All Services)
  • ZOHO Hospital, 200 Beds, Chennai (All Services)
  • Madras Medical Mission (MMM), 300 Beds, Chennai (OT Renovation - 8 Nos.)
  • Frontier Lifeline Hospital, 100 Beds, Chennai (Renovation. Design, Interiors)
  • Equitas Bank Hospital, CSR with TATA Memorial, 100 Beds, Chennai (Equipment Planning)
  • Padmabati Devi Hospital, 1000 Beds, Jamshedpur (All Services)
  • Jindal Multi Speciality Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka
  • Sugam Hospital, 100 Beds, Chennai (Renovation, Layout Design, Interiors)
  • ANBU Hospital, 100 Beds, Dharmapuri (All Services)
  • Dr Prasad's Ortho Hospital, 40 Beds, Khammam, Telangana (All Services)
  • JPRAS Hospital, 40 Beds, Hyderabad, Telangana (Internal Layout, Design & NABH Accreditation)
  • Punya Hospital, New Block 45 Beds, Bangalore, Karnataka (Internal Layout, Design & NABH)
  • Dr Anup Hanchinal - New Hospital, Mahalingpur, Belagavi, Karnataka (Planning & Design)
  • Anup Hospital, 50 Beds, Bagalkot, Karnataka (Detailed Design Services)
  • CRK Diagnostics, Hajipur, Bihar (Feasibility, Project Report & Design)
  • Dr Sadiq Basha Hospitals, New Hospital, 35 Beds, Chengalpet (All Services)
  • Dr Hariharan - New hospital, Sithalapakkam, Chennai (Internal Planning)
  • Dr Gopinath Hospital, Coimbatore (Internal Planning)
  • Aftab Hospital, Giridih, Jharkhand (All Services)
  • Liven Hospital in Jangareddygudem, Andhra Pradesh (Internal Design)
  • Shanmuga Hospital Private Limited, Salem, Tamil Nadu
  • Pinaki Medicare Private Limited, Kota, Rajasthan
  • Lucesco LLP, Bhayander, Maharashtra
  • Planning and Architecture Design for MSH, Pozhichallur, Chennai
  • Hibeams Scans in Royapuram, Chennai
  • Fenix Speciality Hospital, Tirur, Kerala
  • Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Hospital Pvt. Ltd. Sagar, Madhya Pradesh
  • Sai Hospital, Holalu, Karnataka
  • Planned Hospital in Tirunindravur, Chennai (All Services)
  • Sanjivani Super Speciality Hospital Pvt. Ltd, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
  • Basant Sahney Hospitals, Coonoor, Tamil Nadu
  • Planned Hospital in Naya Raipur, Chhattisgarh (Floor Plans Compliance with NABH)
  • Venkat Center for Skin, ENT & Plastic Surgery, Bangalore, Karnataka
  • Kumud Mohabey (Dr.) Memorial Hospital (Concept and Detailed Design) Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh
  • Basant Sahney Hospitals, Hyderabad, Telangana (Review of existing Infrastructure, Facilities, Equipment, Licenses and Approvals, Staff, and other Resources)
  • Stavya Lifecare Trivandrum, Kerala (Drawing vetting with NABH Compliance)
  • Aria Multispeciality Clinic, Bengaluru, Karnataka (Internal Planning & Design of Clinic)
  • Planned Hospital in Pammal, Chennai (Project Report, Architectural Design)
  • Asirvatham Hospital, Madurai
  • Divine Hospital, Ranchi, Jharkhand
  • Gomathi Hospital, Kallidaikurichi (Internal Planning, MEP Design & Layout)
  • Healing Hands Hospitals, Pune
  • Katihar Medical College, Bihar - 600 Beds (Design of OT Complex, with 12 OTs)
  • PBS Urology, Varanasi
  • Shetty Eye Hospital, Karwar, Uttara Kannada
  • Sri Krishna Nursing Home, Tenali, Andhra Pradesh
  • Umri Christian Hospital, Yavatmal, Maharashtra
  • Vaishnavi SS Hospital, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
  • YRG Care, Chennai - Hospital and Laboratory (Renovation and Upgradation)
  • Azidus Hospital, Nolambur, Chennai
  • SSK Global Diabetes Centre, Nellore
  • Vijay Kumar R (Dr.) (Rathinaam Educational Group) Aruppukottai
  • Golapalli Pavan (Dr.)'s Hospital, OMR, Chennai
  • Parvathee Hospital Chennai
  • Chandrasekar Healthcare & Research Pvt. Ltd.(Dr.G.Pawan Kumar) Chennai
  • Meera Maternity Kumbakonam
  • Prabas VCare Health Clinic Pvt. Ltd Chennai
  • B.G.R. Hospital, Proddatur, Andhra Pradesh
  • Kumari Medical Mission Trust, Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu
  • Sahayarani Multispeciality Hospital, Kalayarkoil, Sivagangai, Tamil Nadu
  • Dr. Raja Pandian (Srinivasa Clinic), Bodinayakanur, Theni
  • Athira Interiors, Chennai (PMC Work - Project Management Consultants for Constructions)
  • MBR Medical Trust, Kochi, Kerala
  • Sai Institute of Sports Injury & Arthroscopy, Puppalaguda site, Hyderabad

Useful Articles related to Hospital Design

Impact of Colors in Hospital Design

While there is no question about the importance of Hospital Design in the Patient have a much better healing experience, the role Colours in Design has not been as understood and accepted.
Color has always had a huge effect on the mood of a person. Researchers have explored this aspect and discovered that use of certain colors have an affect on physiological aspects like heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration, making it imperative to use it when designing especially Hospitals.

Hospital Interior Design Rules

When we design the interiors of Hospitals, we are just not choosing nice paintings and pretty furniture. Along with being aesthetically pleasing, the we ensure the Hospital has a functional environment. Right from the entrance to the Hospital color, lighting and signage is used in the right way to convey a warm and inviting atmosphere.


Project 6
Hospital Name : Sugah (Zoho) Hospital
Total Beds: 200
Location: Chennai, India
Scope of Work: Market Feasibility Analysis, 200 Bed Hospital Project Report, Internal Planning, Hospital Equipment Planning, NABH Support
Project Photo Gallery:


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